Tolerance in the Middle Ages: Respect in Treaties

"For four hundred years there had been order and law, respect for property, and a widening culture. All had vanished".[1] This is how Churchill saw the start of the Middle Ages. This quote summarises how many see the period, characterising it as a time of violence, prejudice, and superstition. Indeed, the very word 'medieval' is... Continue Reading →

The Theodosian Code and the Flight of the Curiales

The great literary works of antiquity are famous for their influence on the modern world – even our everyday speech is littered with idiomatic fragments of Homer, Virgil, the Bible – but there is a little-known work that has had a far greater influence on our society and institutions: the Theodosian Code. This was a... Continue Reading →

Ancient Beauty, Toxic Cosmetics

The timeless phrase, “beauty is pain” is one impressed into young mindsets at the earliest concept of self. However, what happens when the product we use to make ourselves beautiful has the opposite effect? Using modern cosmetics, we have all experienced this phenomenon. For example, when you try to cover a pimple with concealer only... Continue Reading →

Landscapes and Memories – Inuksuit

An inukshuk is a marker with great historical heritage, appropriated into a fad amongst amateur hikers and tourists. I often see them in the United States on trails, or in locations where there is a large quarry of flat rocks along popular routes. I have even seen them as part of an installation in someone’s... Continue Reading →

The Body Modification Segment – The knife-handed mercenary: successful amputation and a functional prosthesis in the 6th century AD

This month’s blog post concerns a Medieval Longobard warrior, excavated between 1985 and 1993 from the necropolis of Povegliano Veronese (fig.1), and recently published in the Journal of Anthropological Sciences (Micarelli et al., 2018). Only a very small number of amputations are known from the archaeological record, and even fewer prosthetics. This fascinating case study provides... Continue Reading →

Landscapes and Memories

We have all heard of mnemonic devices in archaeology, objects that help recall memory. Over the years, however, there has been an increase in analysing landscapes themselves as mnemonic devices. I for one can vouch for this. I am not from Britain, and moving to a new city whose layout is something of a maze... Continue Reading →

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